On November 15, 2016 a plenary discussion “Prospects and problems of development of Russian high-tech industries” was held at the Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) in the framework of the III International Week of aerospace technologies «Aerospace Science Week». Speakers discussed the industrial revolution, noted the problems that arise in Russia and marked the vector of movement, as well as the necessary conditions for the successful implementation of new technologies.
Now a new industrial revolution is in the world, additive technologies are being implemented, work is going on new materials with a variety of special features, including on meta materials. Everywhere are beginning to be implemented management processes of product life-cycle. New technologies, modern products are becoming more individualized, it is a departure from the standardized conveyor industries. Complex solutions are becoming the key to successful development – the simultaneous development of technology, education, corporate changes and successful securing of market position.
Additive technologies – a set of new production processes for manufacturing parts of complex technical systems, in which the construction of the product takes place by the addition of material, in contrast to conventional techniques, where the item is created by the removal of excess.
Meta materials – artificially generated materials, changing their properties according to external influence.
In the plenary discussion, the speakers pointed out that the key drivers of development in the coming years will be the market and design engineers, implementing and adopting new technologies. Discussing the vector of production development, it was noted that there is a departure from full-cycle plants to horizontal cooperation model – a large number of small enterprises, each of which is responsible for its site.
The key problems in Russia were called the inertia of traditional industries, lack of communication between production and educational institutions and, accordingly, outdated educational programs of training engineers.
For the successful development of new technologies in Russia following lines of action were identified:
- It is necessary to change the environment, to achieve closer integration between education, production and the market
- To modernize the educational institutions that lead educational programs in accordance with the time
- Achieve corporate changes, changes in the structure of the company to adapt to the constantly changing environment
- Implement Product Life cycle Management Systems
- To develop a modular, packet solutions, in which the product will be able to change according to customer requirements
Source: Aerospace week