Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna, better known as Che Guevara, was killed on October 09, 1957 in Bolivia, where, according to official data, he went to administer the world revolution. He was only 39 years old.
World-famous revolutionary hero was born in the city of Rosario (Argentina) in a bourgeois family of Creoles (of European descent Argentines). By education and profession he was a doctor, but he was also a military and political leader of the Marxist ideals. He was married twice and left 5 children.
Without being restricted in activities by place of birth, he traveled to Latin America and worked in Cuba, Bolivia, Chile, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. In Cuba, which he liberated from the rule of the dictator F. Batista, Che Guevara became a national hero and every year on October 08, Cubans celebrate the day of his memory. In honor of Che Guevara a Museum was built, topped by a bronze statue of the hero in the Cuban city of Santa Clara (opened in 1988). This is the place where Che Guevara defeated Batista’s troops. The Museum was conceived as a mausoleum, but due to the fact that after the execution the remains of Che Guevara were buried in a common grave and returned to Cuba 30 years later, the monument was opened as a Museum.
After the victory of the Cuban revolution, Che Guevara was appointed as head of the education programmes in the army, then as a President of the National Bank and, later, he became Minister of industry of Cuba. He was the author of “guerrilla war” (La guerra de Guerrillas) and “Episodes of the revolutionary war in Cuba” and so on.
The death of Che Guevara, of course, is covered with mystery and filled with speculation. Reporters find the ironic implication in fact that the hero of the Cuban revolution laid down in the battle against poorly trained troops of the Bolivian dictator. According to one version, he was killed with a help of CIA.
However, all the heroes-Lieutenants of Castro, which took part in the revolution in Cuba, later died, and their memory was immortalized with honors. Che Guevara was also included in 2013 in the list of people’s memory of the world UNESCO. He’s among the people whose herirage must be preserved in the world. UNESCO include the documentary collection of manuscripts of Che Guevara from the teenage years and to the diary he kept during his last campaign in Bolivia.
“We cannot be sure of having something to live for unless we are willing to die for it», said Ernesto Che Guevara.
The Guardian, The Guardian, Atlas Obscura, UNESCO, Bigenc.ru.